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In 2002, China's power system reform, had been hoping to break the power monopoly of the regional power grid company, will exit the stage of history. For 14 years, five regional power grid company's ups and downs, the operating assets were stripped, sidelined a few years later, eventually will face the fate of being canceled.
According to energy micro-channel public number One article can July 22 news, State Grid will require years before the end of July to complete the basic area of corporate write-offs. Surging News (www.thepaper.cn) business information inquiry found that, as of now, in addition to the North China Power Grid Co., northeast, northwest, central, east four regional power grid companies have written off.
Regional grid electricity reform in 2002 of the birth of
Above the five regional power grid, power system is on a product. In 2002 the State Council issued the Electricity System Reform Program (hereinafter referred to as No. 5), given the regional power grid company to break the monopoly of power and inter-provincial barriers to the mission.
No. 5 clarifies that the establishment of the North China (including Shandong), the Northeast (including eastern Inner Mongolia), northwest, East China (including Fujian), Central China (including Chongqing, Sichuan) grid companies. Within these regional grid company's business scope, the former State Power Corporation larger proportion of assets, the formation of its work by the State Grid Corporation responsible for the local power grid to the proportion of net assets owned on the basis of equity, the formation of regional power grid limited liability companies or limited by shares the company. Meanwhile, the regional power grid company will now provincial power companies in the region was reorganized as a branch or subsidiary responsible for operating the respective local transmission and distribution business.
Visible, according to the then locate the file, the relationship between mother and child and the provincial network of regional power grid companies. Thinking power to change the progressive table is gradually establish regional electricity market regulatory system and market operation rules, and thus the formation of regional power dispatch trading center unified regional electricity market.
No. 5 according to the text, the regional grid company and the respective responsibilities of the State Grid Corporation delineated very clear: The main functions of the regional grid company is: management of the grid, to ensure security of supply, planning and development of the regional power grid, foster regional electricity market, power dispatching management trading Center, according to market rules power dispatch. The main duties of the State Grid Corporation are: to the regional power grid and power trading between the dispatch, handling regional grid company daily production coordination required interconnection issues; participate in the investment, construction and operation of inter-regional power transmission interconnection project and related Wait.
The presence of China Southern Power Grid, is an exception. In 2001 the former State Planning Commission reported reform program is 1 + 6, namely the establishment of the State Grid Corporation, consists of six regional power grid companies. After several rounds of the game, the final testing ground for the reform of China Southern Power Grid as born, is independent. Reformers are envisaged, to be successful South network development, other regional grid company will draw on its mode, spun off from the national grid, promote market competition.
Regional power grid impaired
With the 2004 National Grid will schedule the UHV grid construction to mention, the original regional grid pattern gradually being broken. In 2009 the National Grid proposed three five, the power on income, assets, decentralization, the presence of the five regional power grid companies markedly embarrassment.
Former chairman of the State Grid Corporation, the number one as long as 13 years, has always insisted Liu Zhenya, transmission and distribution integration, scheduling and grid integration point of view. Liu Zhenya, believes that the current state of the power system can minimize the risk of the collapse of the power system and blackouts, the implementation of transmission and distribution network structure split but will bring efficiency losses, if the implementation of China will increase the cost of transmission and distribution separately 60000000000-1800 billion.
After 2005, the State Grid formally embarking UHV power grid construction, and plan to form a three vertical and three horizontal and one ring UHV power grid, Twelve Five period, and ultimately the national grid west to east, north and south cross for the national network, the whole power industry around the AC UHV is also the beginning of the dispute, continues today. Dissenting electricity experts believe that there is not enough security, investment cost is not high, low line utilization issues such as the exchange of high voltage power grid.
In 2011, the state set up the grid plus the Northwest Division, Central Division, East Division, the Northeast Division, began to take drastic measures to split the four regional grid. End of the year, North China Power Grid Co., Ltd. in North China has imposed Division. The following year, the last piece of the regional power grid in North China Power Grid has been split into the national grid in northern Hebei North China Electric Power Company divisions and two parts.
Compared with other major regional power grid company, North China Power Grid has a certain particularity. In addition to Beijing guaranteed power supply, the North China Power Grid in the history of the formation is also more complicated. The other four regional companies are based on the establishment of the provincial company, while North China Power Grid is the first establishment of a regional company, after the company set up under the provincial level.
Overhead regional power grid, the national grid is an important step in the implementation of the three five System. The so-called three sets is the human, financial and material management authority to the Division Shoulong, focus; Big Five is a big operation, overhaul, big marketing, big building, big plans. To put it plainly, it is the power shift.
It was reported that the five major regional power grid's transmission and distribution assets, particularly the EHV according to the principle of territoriality have been transferred to the provincial power company. Major regional power grid subsidiaries of ICT companies (or company information) and planning assessment center will be placed under the provincial company.
With the establishment of the five divisions, plus the transfer of assets to the provincial power dispatching company, five regional power grid independent market gradually lost the dominant position, the shell of the. National Grid national network project, further to consolidate.
Source: surging News
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